Monday, April 27, 2009

Application

Last Saturday, one of my customers request us to identity his lot in Negeri Sembilan. He wants to construct a bridge where there is a river crossing the frontage of the lot. He just wants to ensure that the propose bridge location is inside his lot. His request is simple, easy to do and the cost should in minimum charge.

Normally, how fast a land surveyor can do it? Traditionally method, we need to look for boundary marks at the lot or neighbor lot to prove the datum and perhaps some details survey before declare the position. I think it may take 1-2 hours if the marks easily found at the lot. Most of the time, boundary marks are missing and cause the land surveyor need to find more boundary marks for datum. It is time consuming.

In this case, TSM (Title Survey Module) with the handheld GPS is the cheaper solution to identity the position without searching for the datum. We just enter the PA data into TSM and this program has capability to convert the WGS long/lat into cassini-solder coordinate system.

When you reach at the site, on the GPS system and a Red Cross will appeal in TSM system. The Red Cross will follow where we walk and it is tracking us. The system is easily to operate without much knowledge in transformation coordinate.


(sorry...photo is blur, my man is using TSM)

The tracking system is no accurate as normal survey ( maybe up to 2-3 meters) and it depends on the total of satellite receive during that particular periods. However, this application is good enough to serve this purpose.

Thus, land surveyor must smart in choosing the tools to meet the client requirement.




The end result of using this tool





PEK. KETUA PENGARAH UKUR DAN PEMETAAN BIL. 5/1999

1. Tujuan

Pekeliling ini bertujuan untuk menetapkan kaedah menjalankan kerja ukur Stratum TBT dan menyediakan Pelan Akui Stratum bagi penyediaan surat hakmilik Stratum.


2. Latarbelakang

2.1 Pelupusan Tanah Bawah Tanah diperuntukkan di bawah Bahagian Lima (A) Kanun Tanah Negara (KTN) melalui Akta KTN (Pindaan) 1990 (Akta A 752/1990 ) yang diwartakan pada 22 Februari 1990.

2.2 Pemberimilikan suatu Stratum TBT melibatkan pemberimilikan sesuatu lapisan bungkah atau isipadu jisim pepejal pada kedalaman tertentu dibawah paras permukaan bumi.

2.3 Peruntukan dalam KTN memberi kuasa kepada Pihak Berkuasa negeri memberimilik sesuatu Stratum TBT di bawah mana-mana tanah kerajaan (Sek 92C KTN) atau mana-mana tanah bermilik (Sek 92D KTN) atau memberi pajakan dibawah tanah rizab (Sek 92F KTN).


3. Permohonan Bagi Memiliki Stratum TBT
Setiap permohonan bagi Stratum TBT kepada Pihak Berkuasa Negeri dibuat melalui pejabat tanah menggunakan borang yang ditetapkan dalam Warta Kerajaan no. P.U.(A) 205 - Peraturan-peraturan Kanun Tanah Negara (Tanah Bawah Tanah) (Borang-borang Permohonan) 1997 bertarikh 8 Mei 1997 saperti berikut:-

3.1 Permohonan bagi suatu Stratum dibawah tanah kerajaan mengikut subseksyen 92B(4) KTN atau 92C( 1 ) KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual I.

3.2 Permohonan bagi penggunaan bebas suatu Stratum dan tidak berhubung dengan suatu Stratum di bawah mana-mana tanah bermilik mengikut perenggan 92D(1)(a) KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual II.

3.3 Permohonan bagi suatu Stratum dibawah mana-mana tanah bermilik mengikut perenggan 92D(1)(b) KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual III.

3.4 Permohonan bagi pajakan suatu Stratum dibawah mana-mana tanah rizab mengikut perenggan 92F(1)(a) KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual IV.

3.5 Permohonan bagi pajakan suatu Stratum dibawah mana-mana tanah bawah tanah berkenaan dengannya suatu pajakan telah mengikut subseksyen 92E(3) KTN atau perenggan 92F(1)(a) KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual V

3.6 Permohonan bagi penggunaan bebas dan tak berhubungan dengan suatu Stratum di bawah permukaan mana-mana tanah rizab yang dipajakkan mengikut seksyen 92G KTN menggunakan borang di Jadual VI.


4. Pelan-Pelan Bagi Permohonan Stratum
Pelan pelan yang perlu dikemukakan bersama-sama permohonan kapada Pejabat Tanah adalah seperti berikut :-

a) Pelan Lokasi Stratum TBT yang diperakui dengan sempurnanya oleh JUBL.

b) Pelan Stratum TBT yang diperakui sempurnanya oleh JUBL

c)Pelan lokasi penggunaan atau penggunaan-penggunaan di dalam Stratum yang diperakui dengan sempurnanya oleh Juruukur Tanah;

d) Pelan semua pembinaan dan kerja lain didalam stratum yang diperakui dengan sempurnanya oleh Arkitek atau Jurutera Profesional yang berdaftar;

e) Pelan bagi peruntukan perlindungan dan sokongan kepada semua tanah bersebelahan dan semua tanah bawah tanah bersebelahan yang diperakui dengan sempurnanya oleh Arkitek atau Jurutera Profesional yang berdaftar;

f) Pelan menunjukkan peruntukan akses didalam Stratum dan bersambung ke dan dari permukaan tanah yang diperakui dengan sempurnanya oleh JUBL dan Akitek atau Jurutera Profesional yang berdaftar;

g) Dokumen pajakan bagi tanah rizab (jika berkaitan).


5.Ukuran Stratum Tanah Bawah Tanah
Kerja ukur Stratum tanah bawah tanah hendaklah dijalankan mengikut prosidur dan peraturan Jabatan yang ditetapkan dan melibatkan ukuran saperti berikut:-

5.1Mengukur Semula Lot Tanah

a) Sempadan lot dipermukaan hendaklah diukur semula mengikut klasifikasi ukuran sediada.
b) Tanda-tanda sempadan yang didapati berganjak atau hilang hendaklah dibuat tanampastian.
c) Pelan Akui yang baru bagi tujuan ini hendaklah dilukis


5.2 Mengukur Had Sempadan Lot Stratum Yang Diunjurkan di atas permukaan.

a) Had sempadan lot Stratum hendaklah diunjurkan secara tegak di lot permukaan dan ditandakan dengan tanda-tanda sempadan yang sesuai dan sah bagi menunjukkan kedudukan planimetriknya di permukaan .
b) Sempadan Lot Stratum yang diunjurkan itu hendaklah diukur mengikut kelasifikasi ukuran lot di permukaan.
c) Ikatan yang sesuai hendaklah dibuat kapada tanda-tanda sempadan lot permukaan dalam kedudukan baik.

5.3 Ukuran Kawalan Tegak dan Aras

a) Dua tanda aras Stratum mengikut spesifikasi di Lampiran A perlu ditanam berhampiran lot permukaan bagi mengawal ukuran aras laras . Nilai ketinggian bagi kedua dua Tanda Aras tersebut hendaklah berdasarkan kapada Datum Tegak Geodetik Kebangsaan (NGVD) dan ditentukan dengan menjalankan ukuran aras kelas dua daripada rangkaian kawalan aras yang berhampiran. Tanda-tanda Aras tersebut hendaklah dibuat ikatan yang sesuai kepada tanda-tanda sempadan lot berhampiran.

b) Ukur aras bagi menentukan ketinggian (aras laras) setiap penjuru lot Stratum dipermukaan dijalankan dengan kaedah Kelas Dua.

c)Ketepatan "loop" ukur aras hendaklah tidak melebihi daripada 0.012/K meter, di mana ‘K’ adalah jumlah jarak aras dalam kilometer.

5.4 Ukuran Pemindahan Datum
a) Ukuran pemindahan datum dari permukaan bumi ke lapisan Stratum hendaklah dijalankan bagi menentukan kedudukan Stratum dan melibatkan :-

i) Permindahan datum planimetrik. ii) Pemindahan datum ketinggian. iii) Ukuran struktur binaan "as built" dibawah tanah.

b) Maklumat-maklumat mengenai kedudukan, azimut dan aras yang dipindahkan dari permukaan ke kedalaman tanah diperolehi melalui ukuran-ukuran tersebut.

c) Tanda-tanda sempadan yang sesuai hendaklah diletakkan dipenghujung sempadan Stratum jika pembinaan dilaksanakan hampir ke sempadan Stratum. Sekiranya pembinaan tidak sampai ke sempadan Stratum maka tanda rujukan yang sesuai hendaklah diletakkan ditempat yang strategik bagi tujuan ikatan ke penghujung atau bucu sempadan Stratum.


6.Penyediaan Pelan Akui Stratum

6.1 Setelah permohonan Stratum diluluskan, JUBL dikehendaki menyediakan Pelan Akui Stratum untuk kelulusan Pengarah Ukur Negeri dan seterusnya bagi penyediaan dokumen hakmilik.

6.2Pelan Akui Stratum hendaklah dilukis dengan skala yang sesuai dan mengandungi :-
i) Pelan Indeks Lot Tanah dan Lot Stratum
ii) Pelan Lot Stratum Tanah Bawah Tanah yang menggambarkan bungkah Stratum;

6.2.1 Pelan Indeks Lot Tanah dan Lot Stratum

- hendaklah disediakan saperti berikut;
a) Menunjukkan skala pelotan.
b) Pandangan planimetrik had sempadan lot Stratum yang diunjurkan keatas lot di permukaan tanah dan jenis tanda sempadan lot Stratum yang diunjurkan dipermukaan tanah.
c) Menunjukkan lot-lot tanah yang berkaitan dipermukaan (Satu jadual perkaitan nombor lot Stratum dengan lot tanah hendaklah ditunjukkan sekiranya melibatkan beberapa lot Stratum) .
d) Had sempadan lot Stratum yang diunjurkan ke permukaan ditunjukkan dengan garisan putus-putus bagi membezakannya dengan lot permukaan tanah dengan bering dan jarak ditunjukkan mengikut kelas ukuran yang dijalankan. Nilai aras laras bagi salah satu tanda sempadan Stratum di permukaan hendaklah ditunjukkan.
e) Laluan (akses) yang diberi milik yang menghubungkan lot Stratum ke tanah permukaan perlu ditunjukkan.
f) Menunjukkan kedudukan dua Tanda Aras ( dengan singkatan BMS) di tapak dengan nilai ketinggian dan koordinat mendatarnya.

6.2.2 Pelan Lot Stratum Tanah Bawah Tanah

- hendaklah disediakan saperti berikut;
a) Mengandungi rajah isometrik bungkah Stratum yang berkaitan dengan menunjukkan jarak mendatar sekurang-kurang dua sempadan stratum dan ketebalan Stratum dalam meter.
b) Menunjukkan Nombor lot Stratum pada bungkah Stratum.
c) Mengandungi satu jadual yang menunjukkan nilai koordinat (U,T dan Aras Laras) pada setiap pepenjuru stratum pada rajah isometrik. Contoh Pelan Akui Stratum adalah saperti di Lampiran B.
7.Tindakan Pengarah Ukur
7.1Pengeluaran nombor lot Stratum tanah bawah tanah hendaklah mengikut siri yang berasingan iaitu mengikut siri Daerah. Bagi tujuan tersebut, satu buku daftar nombor lot statum hendaklah diadakan.
7.2Satu siri nombor Pelan Akui Stratum yang berasingan hendaklah diperuntukkan bagi kerja hakmilik Stratum .
7.3Pengarah Ukur hendaklah mempastikan dokumen dokumen saperti berikut disertakan dengan teratur dan lengkap semasa penghantaran kerja oleh Jurukur Tanah Berlesen:-
a) surat kelulusan PTG b) Sijil Akuan LJT c) Bukukerjaluar berserta salinan kalibrasi EDM d) Buku Aras e) Jilid Kiraan mengikut pek.KPUP 2/97 f) Syit kiraan isipadu g) Data berdigit mengikut pek.KPUP 1/97 h) Pelan Akui baru bagi ukuran semula lot i) Pelan Akui Stratum
7.4Cartaan lot Stratum hendaklah dibuat sewajarnya di atas peta kadaster selepas Pelan Akui Stratum diluluskan oleh Pengarah Ukur Negeri.


Please take note that this circular can be extracted from http://www.jupem.gov.my/portalJupem/UploadedFileAnnouncement/sg-599.HTML.

For circular 2/2006, please see at http://www.scribd.com/doc/14703600/Stratum-PEKELILINGKPUP22006. Thank you

Law paper question-The National Land Code 1965 (NLC) provides for the disposal of underground land known as stratum.

b) Director General of Survey and Mapping Circular number 5 of 1999 and 2 of 2006 relate to stratum plan

.i) What are the purposes of the two circulars?

Circular 5 of 1999 are described about method of field work & preparation of certified plan in stratum to enable PTG to issue the title.

Circular 2 of 2006 are described about (please refer to circular)

ii) Describe the surveys required for the preparation of stratum plan and certified stratum plan.

Please refer to Circular 5 of 1999.


This is a straight forward question and the candidate should be able to gain some marks from this question.

Law paper question-The National Land Code 1965 (NLC) provides for the disposal of underground land known as stratum.

a) Stratum titles can be issued under three circumstances. State and describe briefly these circumstances as provided in the NLC 1965.

Please refer to section 92A-92I.

-Stratum titles can be issued under 3 circumstances.
a) Section 92C-alienation of underground state land
b) Section 92D-application for independent use or alienation of underground state land
c) Section 92F-Lease of underground land below reserved land.

Please kindly read the contents of above section to enable you describe briefly these circumstances.

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Amalgamation in strata application

Refer to the case of reserve road in between of 2 lots posted by one of my readers. He/She suggested that do amalgamation the 2 lots with reserve road and solve the strata application. This suggestion is good and straight forward. However, there are factors need to consider before a licensed land surveyor do the strata application.

Developer may be able to pay the premium for the reserve road. However, if the existing reserve road is appeal and subsequently there are neighboring lot using the reserve road. We can not simply take away from the neighboring right.

Recently, I had carried out a setting out for a semi-detached house. The layout is designed out to the old boundary and the new access is in between these 2 rows of houses. What happen is there is an access created since those days for the kampong people to pass through their land. When they saw me pegged the new boundaries for the semi-detached lot, they start worried and make noise because the new access difficult to link to the old access. Some of them complained that they will raise the issue to high authority regarding the close of access.

Thus, I referred to my boss regarding this matter. According to him, when there is an access and we can not simply close the access. This is why details survey is vital in this matter.

Who will be blamed for this case? Please judge yourself. What I can say is every suggestion or steps taken, we need to know the impact.





Thursday, April 23, 2009

Systematic error in Level

I still remember my lecturer told us regarding survey error when I learn least square adjustment during year 1995/96. There are 3 types of error in survey. Blunder error and systematic error, the other one I can not recall. (maybe you can assist me)
According to Encarta ® World English Dictionary © & (P) 1998-2005 Microsoft Corporation. Blunder error is defined by to make a serious or embarrassing mistake as a result of carelessness or ignorance. Most of the young land surveyor usually makes this kind of mistake. One of the examples is write wrong bearing or distance and cause the traverse can not close. This kind of error can be easily detected when you do processing or computation or while you try to close the traverse.
While today I would like to discuss about systematic error in leveling. Systematic error can not be detected on the spot. Systematic error is consistent and need some analysis to define it.
Usually the distance from one bench mark (BM) to another BM is nearly 1km and it takes about 50 minutes to complete it. While TBM is derived from BM, we need to loop back to check the accuracy of the reading. The standard tolerance is within 10mm per km and usually most of the surveyor can do it within the tolerance. It needs practice in staff reading and combination with the chainman.
If the hair-cross falls on 0, 5 or 10 (please take note that one section is equal to 5mm and we can easily jot down the reading). The systematic error occurs when the hair-cross falls in between these standards reading. These reading are 1, 2, 3 & 4 (from section 0 to 5), 6, 7, 8 & 9 (from section 5 to 10). Surveyor need to do judgment before jot down the figure. Experience and regular practice is vital in this survey. I notice my reading is extra by nearly 1-2 mm per chainage when I try to loop back from TBM to BM. The conclusion is made from 2 set of data leveling and I can see the pattern of my reading. Thus I need to do adjustment reading in future from this systematic error analysis.





Plotter setting

Couple week ago, my boss told me that the output of the plan was no clear and according to the staff-in-charge, it happened after re-install the new version of cad software.
Initial boss suspect the plotter pen maybe spoil due to long duration of usage. However, there is no improvement to the output after replace with new plotter pen, the line in the plan still looks blurring. We sent to the plotter shop and according to them, this is due to the pen setting before we plot the plan.

How to set the plotter?

First, we go to print section as below diagram.
I am using BrisCad and I think other cad also has same facility.

You need to set the plotter configuration and here I am using HP designjet 100. After that, we need to set the plot style table (pen assignments). This is place where the user able to amend the thickness of the line according to the color. In this function, user also able to plot the output in black & white (in cad they named as Monochrome) without change the layer color and this is the beautiful of this function.




Example I would like to plot in black & white for the certified plan then I need to choose monochrome.ctb. (please refer to note regarding ctb definition)




One the user selects the item, a message box as below will appeal.











Click ok if the user wants the plot style apply to the entire layout.






The following step is click the “Edit” at the same column and the buttom is just next to “monochrome.ctb”. The user will see the below diagram.







In the plot style table editor, there are the section-General & Form view. Click form view and the user will see below diagram.









Under plot style table editor (Form View section), on the right there is style property column and this is the place we do the setting.

Color is black because I am using monochrome facility. If user selects others, it will follow the layer color.

The main section need to amend is under lineweight as below. I hope you all aware of this setting.

Color-dependent plot style tables (.CTB file)
The color-dependent plot styles tables use an entity's color to determine characteristics such as lineweight. Use color-dependent plot styles to ensure that all entities that share the same color are plotted the same way. While you can edit plot styles in a color-dependent plot style table, you cannot add or delete plot styles. There are 255 plot styles in a color-dependent plot style table, one for each BricsCad color. In versions prior to BricsCad V5, color was often used to control an entity's plotted appearance (most often lineweight). This technique was similar to using color-dependent plot style tables. When you create a color-dependent plot style table, you can import previous configuration information found in the registry or contained in a PCP file.


Utilize cad software in subdivision proposal plan

Cad software become an important tool in land surveying because this software enable a surveyor to view the data in graphic rather than numeric format.
In fact, CAD is a graphic database where it convert survey dataset which usually in numeric format (bearing, distance or coordinate).
Traditionally, land surveyor used to do subdivision plan by manual method (program calculator). This method involve of time consuming and sometime cause error in computation.
The invention of CAD where initially for engineering use has been improved the land surveying professional quality.
Basically, what surveyor intention in subdivision propose plan to get the portion which is going to split evenly.
Step
Key in the interest lot by using bearing & distance or coordinate method.
Check the previous survey accuracy (should be minimum in second class 1 : 4000, if the previous survey is less that second class then a upgrade survey need to carry out to improve the accuracy)
There is no perfect survey and usually there is a gap. The error may be in 1 foot or more and just ignore it.


Bench mark location improvement

JUPEM has created a database in searching bench mark in Peninsular Malaysia at their latest website. It is one step improvement from previous services. However, the view plan system is too general and confuse to the user.
Usually the user either land surveyor or public, we will try to search the nearest bench mark to site for leveling purpose. Thus, in the database should be more specific the area perhaps use Jalan as an ID.
The graphic in view plan also no well represent the area and misleading the user to identity the particular bench mark.
Google earth is free software created by Google and it is a powerful tool as a GIS. We are able to view the area by just typing the place name in the Google earth database and the software able to “fly” the user to the location. It is a powerful tool and the land surveyor should fully utilised this facility in GIS management with minimum cost.
What land surveyor should do is to get bench mark location either read GPS reading or can get from Google earth (if we know the actual location). After that, create kmz/ kml file to store the position (x,y) and height (z) of the bench mark.
This is just an idea to improve the Malaysia land survey in GIS system.


Tips & Info for Land Law exam

For those candidates whom going to sit for the exam on May 2009. I wish good luck to you all.
One of the readers asked me any tips & info for the law exam. What I can tell you was my mistake when I sat for the exam on year 2006 & 2007.
First mistake was on year 2006-I can not locate the ISM office and I did not attend the the exam. I still remember 2 freinds called me on noon time and asked me the respond. I told them I lost the way. They shout at me......:(
Thus, go a day early and stay over night at KL and do not make this "blunder" mistake like me.
2007 was the second year I re-sit the exam and finally I managed the pass the exam.
What I can tell is in Land Law exam, you need speed and memory.
Why I say speed? This is because you are given 9 or 10 questions in 3 hours (180 minutes), you are able to answer each question in about 15 minutes. From my experience, one question is about 2 pages long....please do not feel shy to ask for additional paper if no enough. Keep on write what you can but ensure the hand writing able to read by examer.
Secondly is memory....What I can say is you "vomit" all the data from your memory. You do not have time to think. Once you see the question, you are able to answer on the spot without much consideration. Write what you know and make sure all the important section are included. These are the points you can gain.
So, today only 24 April....still have time to remember all the important section. Do not panic....I wish you all can manage to do it because I left survey since 1998 and still able to pass the land paper. Good luck to you all.

Strata application when there is a reserve road

Below is the question from one of my reader regarding strata application.
"A housing developer owns two pieces of land held under registry title separated by a road
reserve. Both lands are under the category of buildings. He intends to build two blocks of
twenty storey buildings and applies strata titles for each unit in both blocks. Since both
blocks belong to him and the road reserve lead to a dead end he intends to fence both
blocks including the road reserve. Considering the relevant provisions in the Strata Tiles
Act 1985 and National Land Code 1965 discuss whether he is allowed to do that."


Dear my friend,

Regarding your lecturer's question, it is very similar to Komdar case in penang,Please kindly see http://melakasurveyor.blogspot.com/2008/07/how-to-solve-strata-application-where.html.

I hope the simple write can assist you.







Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Land Surveyor expected salary in Malaysia

This is the topic I discussed with boss on last week regarding business and income. Can a land surveyor in Malaysia earn RM10K or more per month?
I think RM10K per month is no a big amount to a professional person, if the company willing to pay this high salary then the company also expected high input from you.
I check in the internet and found out that the higher salary earned by a land surveyor in Malaysia is RM5,500. Is this the higher salary can earned by a land surveyor? Most of them in these data are from construction site and also holding project manager post.
How about freelance land surveyor? How much they can earn per annual? I notice that in land survey industry, if you hardwork and have good networking and subsequently you are able accumulated wealth.

Please take note that there is no short cut to be RICH.



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Setting out procedure-check plan

Normally before a setting out for buildings or piling points, land surveyor must have 2 plans. The first plan is from the architect whom designs the layout for the project and the plan should approve by local authority. The second plan is from the engineer whom designs the pile type according to the architect design.

Once the land surveyor has the hardcopy of these plans, the next request is digital data. If the building is straight line then land surveyor has no problem to re-enter the data but sometime the shape of the building is other form of shape then it is impossible for a land surveyor to create the digital from hardcopy plans.

The important of digital copy is land surveyor is able to check the approval design with digital data. There are many cases that the digital data is vary from approval design due to many amendments occur during the process. If there is no checking before setting out, who will responsible for the mistakes?

Pile point dimension must be clearly stated in the engineer plan. If there is any doubtful, it is advice to get clarification from the project manager and request endorse the plan to protect you. There are many types of pile-2 piles, 3 piles, 4 piles or etc. Ensure the piles type is similar in hardcopy and digital.

The gridline should be perpendicular or 90 degree. This is the question asked by JKR officer during the inspection.

There are some cases where the architect plan can not close due to wrong bearing apply to the plan. Thus, land surveyor need to do a precomp base on the architect plan before setting out. Once the checking is completed then just starts the setting out duty.

Land Surveyor working environment

Uncle, work under hot sun?” asked by one of school boy when I did leveling in Muar recently.

This is part of the life as a land surveyor. The work is tough because most of the time land surveyor need to work under the hot sun especially work in urban area or developing area. There is no shade area to hide. I seldom see land surveyor use umbrella during working time unless in piling work where multiple points were set from one station.

This is one of the reasons, land surveyor need to wake up as early as possible so that we can carry out our duty while others people still in bed or just have their breakfast. This professional work is a healthy work because most of the land surveyor looks strong and energetic due to working environment.

Land surveyor has been immune of the heat from sun and the wet from rain. There is no excuse for a land surveyor to cease their work due to heat weather. If land surveyor does not complete their duty on time, there are many delays to other industry or professional such as architect, engineer and etc and subsequently the development of the nation also will be affected. This is why land surveyor should proud as this professional even though we do not wear tie and nice shirt during working environment.




Sunday, April 12, 2009

Stamina fit in physical and mental

I have been “trapped” in field work since two months ago with minimum rest. This is life as a land surveyor; we can not predict the quantum of works which requested by customer.




Usually, the customer especially the developer wants the survey work carried out in the short period and as a land surveyor we must always self prepare to go for field work for data collection (detail survey) or setting out point (piling or housing work).


Land surveyor is no only knowing what to do in field work or survey computation. Here, I would like share some of my experience when I was in field work for the past 2 months.


Before you are qualifying as a land surveyor, I think land surveyor should have good stamina in physical and mental.


In this past 2 months ago, I had been involved of setting out piling work, demarcation survey, details survey and as-built survey.


All the survey we need to walk and the worse was demarcation survey in Pahang. This is a hilly area and my team needs to traverse from one hill to another hill. I can see how tired my boys even though they do not make noise. After the dinner, they straight go to room and rest including me because I know our mind can not fully function after work hard for the whole day in field.


There is a practice when I do demarcation survey on rural area. We do not stop for lunch because time factor. One of my boys wills in-charge of food and we will have our lunch in field like camping.



Land survey work involve of a lot of physical moving where we need to walk, climb, carry instrument, chop tree and cross stream or river. We can not too rush in doing land survey work, every foot you step must be careful. If one of us injure then the whole team need to go back. Team work plays a vital role in land surveying, the entire member has their function and the survey work can be easily carried out.



Mr. Ong is one of the practical boy follow me at Pahang.


The last day in Pahang, both of them suppose back to KL but due to unpredict condition. They need to work on the particular day. Tan still can smile and I think he enjoy the Pahang journey.




Standby to go back to Melaka

Wednesday, April 8, 2009

Ukuran Semula in Strata application

This is one of requested from JUPEM Melaka in Ukuran Semula in Strata application. They want all the buildings show inside the said lot and reference PA(B) for the building.


Look for Bench Mark in Malaysia

Recently, I have an engineering survey in Muar town but I can not find any bench mark around the site. Thus, I referred to one of my senior. He referred me to JUPEM Geoportal to search the bench mark info.

JUPEM Geoportal has updated and improved their service where the website also looks impressive.




Where to look for bench mark location. First go to "Perkhidmatan" and under it has "Geodesi" column. Click it and it will appear below diagram.

Click the "Carian" and below diagram will appear.



Click view location enable the user to locate the BM.

The view location program is a bit general. If the JUPEM able to provide GPS coordinate or description, there is much better. Thank you..JUPEM & my senior for your info.